Over 4,14,850 people from NE states migrated to mega cities of the country during the last five years from 2005-2010, a study report by NE Support Centre & Helpline revealed, citing the main push factor as lack of educational infrastructure.
The latest report of the group observed that the annual average increase in the number of migration is 13.62 %. Delhi is one of the most preferred destinations for NE migrants, currently with over a 200,000 population, which is 48.21% of the total number of migrants. Only 5% of migrants return to the NE after completing their studies.
The report also pointed out that 66.35% of NE migrants migrate for higher studies, out of which 78.15% for graduate studies, 11.48% for Engineering/Managerial, 6.80% for research/Ph.D and 3.57% for medical studies while 35% of migrants migrate for employment opportunities in other cities of India and 85% for un-organized private sectors.
The main factor leading to the migration is the limited choice of education, followed by unemployment problems in the region which are badly affected by the socio-political unrest and communal conflict among the heterogeneous communities of the region, it suggested.
NE support centre & helpline pointed out that with globalization, Delhi is the most attractive destination for good educational infrastructure with multiple choices of study and employment opportunities in Central govt jobs and private companies.
Challenges faced by NE people in Delhi have a paradigm shift from racial attack to sexual violence to human trafficking, the group said observing racial discrimination against NE communities is increasing. The 78% of NE`ers in Delhi face racial discrimination in different forms which is slightly less compared to the 86% in 2009. 83% of NE men and 74% of their women face racial discrimination in Delhi and NCR. The root cause of racial discrimination is the social profiling.
source: Hueiyen News Service